What are the types of eating disorders?
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How effective is electroconvulsive therapy as compared to other forms of treatments for mental disorders?
ECT (electroconvulsive therapy, or electroshock therapy) is the electrical induction of the type of generalized cerebral seizure associated with a tonic-clonic convulsion, with the objective of treating an abnormal mental state or neurological disorder. It involves the patient being put to sleep with an anaesthetic. A tiny amount of current is then passed across the head. This causes the person to have a fit or seizure. It is believed that the seizure changes the chemicals in the brain and leads to an improvement in the mental state or neurological disorder.
Biederman et al. conducted a 10-year case-control prospective study of lifetime prevalence of comorbid psychopathology from adolescence into adulthood. At follow-up, 112 males with ADHD and 105 males without ADHD were successfully recalled, and 91% and 90% of individuals in the ADHD and control groups, respectively, had reached adulthood (aged ≥18 years).