Does ADHD lead to other conditions like increased anxiety and eating disorders?

Doctor's Answers 1

Biederman et al. conducted a 10-year case-control prospective study of lifetime prevalence of comorbid psychopathology from adolescence into adulthood.

At follow-up, 112 males with ADHD and 105 males without ADHD were successfully recalled, and 91% and 90% of individuals in the ADHD and control groups, respectively, had reached adulthood (aged ≥18 years).

According to the study data, male patients with ADHD were significantly more likely to have:

· Major psychopathology

· Anxiety disorders

· Antisocial disorders

· Developmental disorders

· Substance-dependence disorders

Case study involving females with ADHD

A similar 11-year case-control study was conducted in females with (n=140) and without (n=122) ADHD. The risk of several psychopathologies was also significantly higher in females with ADHD compared with those without.

Female patients with ADHD were more likely to have:

· Mood disorders

· Anxiety disorders

· Antisocial disorders

· Developmental disorders

· Substance-dependence disorders

· Eating disorders

Some comorbid disorders may be a direct reflection of the impact of ADHD symptoms; for example, poor academic achievement owing to ADHD may lead to anxiety. Additionally, other frequently co-occurring conditions, such as depression, share common environmental risk factors with ADHD.

Similar Questions

How do I get my child’s teacher to understand that ADHD is not a mental illness?

Hi, it seems that you have a lot of questions to ask. The best person to answer all of your questions would be a child clinical psychologist. In any case, one of the greatest pain in life is (falsely) thinking that we can actually change someone else's mind. We can first try by befriending them. Try to be in the good books of your child's teacher. Then you can explain, in various forms and formats and with different people. Some times, our clinical psychologists have to go down to schools to talk to teachers. But even that is not guaranteed success.

Photo of Dr Paul Ang

Answered By

Dr Paul Ang

General Practitioner

How effective is electroconvulsive therapy as compared to other forms of treatments for mental disorders?

ECT (electroconvulsive therapy, or electroshock therapy) is the electrical induction of the type of generalized cerebral seizure associated with a tonic-clonic convulsion, with the objective of treating an abnormal mental state or neurological disorder. It involves the patient being put to sleep with an anaesthetic. A tiny amount of current is then passed across the head. This causes the person to have a fit or seizure. It is believed that the seizure changes the chemicals in the brain and leads to an improvement in the mental state or neurological disorder.

Photo of Dr Beng Yeong Ng

Answered By

Dr Beng Yeong Ng


Ask any health question for free

I’m not so sure about a procedure...

Ask Icon Ask a Question

Join Human

Sign up now for a free Human account to get answers from specialists in Singapore.

Sign Up

Get The Pill

Be healthier with our Bite-sized health news straight in your inbox