Pain occasionally resolves once the underlying problem is treated.

However, when pain due to an injury or disease persists, then the role of pain medicine is to relieve suffering.

Treatment approaches to chronic pain include:

  • Oral medication such as painkillers and anti-depressants
  • Physical therapy
  • Psychological therapy
  • Exercise
  • Interventional procedures, such as steroid injections

Recent Questions

How do I treat neck and occipital muscles spasms?

How to treat muscle spasms? The quickest and simplest way to relieve muscle spasms is to apply warm compression, massage, and stretch out the muscles. Certain bigger neck muscles like the trapezius are easier to stretch then the deeper ones (like rhomboids) that may need a professional physiotherapist. Medication Medications like muscle relaxants, NSAIDs will also provide some relief. When to see a doctor? Important to note that if these neck spasms are associated with shooting sensations down the arms, it might be a nerve root irritation due to a slipped disc in the neck.

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How do I weaken strong masseter muscles that cause severe TMJ pain?

Hyperactive masseter muscles can be a sign of night-time bruxism (grinding of the teeth). There are 2 strategies that are generally used to shrink the muscles and reduce muscle activity: Placement of neurotoxin into the masseters Botox can be injected into the masseters to weaken the muscles. However, this requires repeated treatment since you will continue to use these muscles in chewing. Large muscles, like the masseter, will tend to require more units of neurotoxin.

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Dr Jaclyn Toh


Recent Sessions

Consult an Orthopaedic Surgeon: Hip Problems, Pains and Aches

Ended on April 14, 2021

About Dr Mizan Marican
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon & Medical Director, Orion Orthopaedic Surgery

Dr Mizan Marican is a fellowship-trained orthopaedic surgeon with a special interest in sports injuries as well as hip and knee surgeries. He is one of the two surgeons in Singapore trained in the direct anterior approach (DAA) hip replacement surgery. He is also trained in a spectrum of knee replacement surgeries including navigated and robot arm-assisted (MAKOplasty®) techniques. Over the years, Dr Mizan has amassed a wealth of surgical experience in a wide spectrum of conditions aimed at restoring a better quality of life and maintaining an active lifestyle for all his patients.

Colorectal Surgeon for Tummy Ache

Ended on June 10, 2020

Dr Aaron Poh obtained his MBBS from the National University of Singapore, MRCS (Edinburgh), FRCS (Gen Surgery) (Edinburgh) and MMed (Surgery). He is a Associate Consultant at Ng Teng Fong General Hospital and Jurong Medical Centre. His special interests includes: Trauma Surgery, Colorectal Cancer and Minimally Invasive Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Molecular Genetics and Advanced Proctology.


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