Overview

During a neurological examination, the neurologist reviews the patient's health history with special attention to the current condition. The patient then takes a neurological exam.

Typically, the exam tests:

  • mental status
  • function of the cranial nerves (including vision)
  • strength
  • coordination
  • reflexes, and
  • sensation.

This information helps the neurologist determine whether the problem exists in the nervous system.

Localization of the pathology is the key process by which neurologists develop their differential diagnosis. Further tests may be needed to confirm a diagnosis and ultimately guide therapy and appropriate management.

Recent Questions

How can cognitive impairment be reversed?

The first step is to figure out the severity of the cognitive impairment and to understand the underlying causes of the impairment. Some possible causes include depression, insomnia disorder, stroke, dementia, Vitamin deficiency, head injuries, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and others. Do seek a proper evaluation from a medical professional. For the remaining part of my answer, I will focus on the steps that one can take to improve short term and long term memory.

Photo of Dr Beng Yeong Ng

Answered By

Dr Beng Yeong Ng

Psychiatrist

Which doctor should I consult for sleeping problems?

Sleep disorders are common in many societies worldwide. Some of the signs and symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive daytime sleepiness, irregular breathing or increased movement during sleep. Other signs and symptoms include an irregular sleep and wake cycle and difficulty falling asleep. It will be good to understand the six different types of sleep disorders; the most appropriate doctor to treat your condition will depend on the type of sleep disorder that you have.

Photo of Dr Beng Yeong Ng

Answered By

Dr Beng Yeong Ng

Psychiatrist

Recent Sessions

Dealing With Parkinsons Disease: What are my Surgical Options?

Ended on June 19, 2020

After completing medical school, Dr Nicolas Kon continued his medical training in neurosurgery and neurocritical care at various institutes in the UK which include the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (London), Charing Cross Hospital (London), Addenbrooke’s Hospital (Cambridge) as well as the National Neuroscience Institute (NNI) in Singapore. He obtained his PhD at Imperial College London and subsequently completed his fellowship at Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto in Canada. Before practising at Mount Elizabeth Hospital. Currently, he is an Adj Associate Professor at the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, NUS. He is actively involved in several clinical and translational research and multi-centre international trials. In addition, he holds several patents for his discoveries. He has authored more than 80 peer-reviewed publications and serves on the Centralised Institutional Review Board. Dr Kon is the first neurosurgeon to use the Brainpath minimally invasive neurosurgical technique in Asia. He has a longstanding commitment to neurosurgery and has received a long service award from the National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore for his contribution. In addition, Dr Kon also has a strong passion towards patient care and has been awarded several Service with A Heart awards by the SGH.

Chronic Pain Management (Part 1): Dealing with Excruciating Pain- Trigeminal Neuralgia

Ended on July 18, 2020

After completing medical school, Dr Nicolas Kon continued his medical training in neurosurgery and neurocritical care at various institutes in the UK which include the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (London), Charing Cross Hospital (London), Addenbrooke’s Hospital (Cambridge) as well as the National Neuroscience Institute (NNI) in Singapore. He obtained his PhD at Imperial College London and subsequently completed his fellowship at Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto in Canada. Before practising at Mount Elizabeth Hospital. Currently, he is an Adj Associate Professor at the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, NUS. He is actively involved in several clinical and translational research and multi-centre international trials. In addition, he holds several patents for his discoveries. He has authored more than 80 peer-reviewed publications and serves on the Centralised Institutional Review Board. Dr Kon is the first neurosurgeon to use the Brainpath minimally invasive neurosurgical technique in Asia. He has a longstanding commitment to neurosurgery and has received a long service award from the National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore for his contribution. In addition, Dr Kon also has a strong passion towards patient care and has been awarded several Service with A Heart awards by the SGH.

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