When is prolonged breast tenderness a cause for concern?

I am sorry to hear that you have been feeling these symptoms for almost an entire month. There can be many different causes of soreness in your breasts. The cause will also then depend on many different factors in your life such as whether you are breast feeding, on any hormonal medications etc. My advice is for you to consult an experienced women's health doctor regarding your problem as you have been experiencing such symptoms for almost one month without resolution. Your doctor will then be able to examine you and may order further investigations such as a breast ultrasound if required.

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Answered By

Dr Michelle Chia

General Practitioner

Are there any alternatives to chemotherapy for breast cancer after a mastectomy?

First and foremost, I am sorry to hear about your diagnosis of breast cancer and I hope you are recovering well from your surgery. In the treatment of any cancer, it is always important to consider the stage of the tumour (how advanced it is, how much it has spread) and also certain features of the tumour which can affect how aggressive the tumour is (grade, hormone receptor status, HER2 protein status etc). From your question, I am assuming your cancer surgeon has performed a mastectomy (whole breast removal) with clear margins and has advised you to go for chemotherapy.

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Answered By

Dr Tzeyeong Teng

General Practitioner

Does protopic cream cause cancer, and should I be concerned?

Protopic 0. 1% ointment is a non steroid ointment that has anti-inflammatory effects of steroids. The advantage is that it does not cause skin thinning and atrophy which is associated with steroid use. The concern of cancer and protopic ointment arises from the 'black box' warning by the FDA in the US due to reports of some cases of skin cancer and lymphoma. However, there is no good clinical evidence to support this statement as the overall rate of cancer developement was even lower than that expected in the general population.

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Answered By

Dr Colin Theng

Dermatologist

How likely am I to get breast cancer if my mother has it?

The causes of cancer are multi-factorial. For example, the following factors all play a role: Family history/genetics Lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise Body weight Smoking and alcohol Sleep habits Exposure to environmental cancer-causing chemicals The lifetime risk of getting breast cancer in a woman is about 1 in 8. If you have a mom who had breast cancer before the age of 50, the risk is approximately doubled, especially if you inherited a certain gene mutation on BRCA1 and BRCA2.

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Answered By

Human

What does it mean if an ultrasound of a breast lump showed it could be a phyllodes tumor, fibroadenoma, or intramammary lymph node, and what action should be taken next?

It means that there is an unusual growth in your breast and it should be investigated thoroughly. A phyllodes tumour is a fibroepithelial neoplasm comprising of breast tissue and can benign, borderline or malignant in nature. An intramammary lymph node that is detected in an ultrasound, is fairly inconclusive and does not reveal to us about the nature of the lymph node. The lymph node may be enlarged due to the infection, inflammation or a neoplastic (cancerous) process.

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Answered By

Dr Jipson Quah

General Practitioner

What happens next if sentinel node biopsy positive?

Dear Ms Kay,A positive sentinel lymph node biopsy is certainly something to worryabout. Once diagnosed as positive, it usually indicates the presence ofcancer cells within the lymphatic system and suggests that the cancer ispresent and has also spread significantly. However, even with the presenceof cancer cells, the pathologist needs to determine what type of cancer itis by performing further immunohistochemical studies. These will revealmore information on the type of cancer and the possible origin.

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Answered By

Dr Jipson Quah

General Practitioner

What are possible causes of a swollen and itchy nipple in a young adult female?

Hi there, Your symptoms sound like they way be related to some form of nipple eczema or dermatitis. Especially since the symptoms worsen with sweating and is associated with intense itch. What you should do is to see a doctor for a consultation as only when a doctor examines the area of concern can we form a better clinical diagnosis and help you treat your condition better. Hope this helps.

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Answered By

Dr Michelle Chia

General Practitioner

What are possible causes of a small lump under my armpit?

Thank you for your question. There can be multiple causes of a lump affecting the armpit. The common causes would be an ingrown hair, infection of a hair follicle, cysts or lipomas. The more worrying causes like an enlarged lymph node due to breast cancer must also be excluded. It is most important for you to see a doctor to ascertain the cause of your lump. Most of these lumps can be easily treated with antibiotics or simple surgery to remove the lump, depending on the cause.

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Answered By

Dr Stephanie Ho

Dermatologist

When is a male breast swelling a cause for concern?

Men can also have breast cancer, albeit rare. Breast swelling in men, also known as gynaecomastia, is usually an indication of some form of hormonal imbalance. Medications can also cause gynaecomastia. Male breast swelling warrants medical attention. Yes it is a cause for concern.

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Answered By

Human

Can Juvederm fillers that were injected almost 10 years ago lead to dangerous lumps in my breasts?

Thanks for your question. Hyaluronic acid fillers such as Juvederm and Macrolane were previously used for non-surgical breast enhancement. However, their use has been discontinued. Some of the possible risks include: • Infection. This usually occurs quite soon after the initial injections • Displacement or migration of the injected filler. The gel may move to other untended locations. For example, below the inframammary fold. • Persistent nodules that last for several years, beyond the expected lifespan of the filler.

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Answered By

Dr Andrew Tay

Plastic Surgeon

Is it recommended to remove benign fibroadenoma in the breast?

Fibroadenomas are among the most common non-cancerous (benign) breast lumps in young women. They typically present as painless, highly mobile and firm nodules within the breast. Mammograms and breast ultrasounds are often used for further evaluation depending on the risks, and diagnosis can be confirmed by core needle biopsy or excision biopsy. A fibroadenoma may be monitored for long-term stability, or removed by vacuum-assisted needle biopsy (VAB) or surgery. Simple fibroadenomas do not increase the risk of breast cancer.

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Answered By

Dr Jipson Quah

General Practitioner

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